Programming languages have made applications smoother, faster, secure and reliable to use, thus enhancing the user experience to the next level. But, what are these top programming languages that have turned the table upside down in the field of IT, creating a never increasing demand in the IT market? Worry not, we have listed below the most in-demand programming languages that a person interested to make a career in IT or programming should learn in 2020. In no chronological order, the following programming languages will help you understand its importance and relevance in the industry.
1. Python Programming language.
Python’s is the fastest growing and one of the top programming languages amongst its competitors. Python’s Web-Based Development and Python Web-Based Frameworks like Django and Pyramid have been the most popular Framework tools offered by Python. The best thing about Python programming is that being a high-level language it is easy to learn. It is the most demanded language in the market and is called the programming language for beginners since it is an open-source language, which is easy to understand and comprehend.Python language has wide applications, some of which can be seen in Web & Desktop Development, Network Servers, Machine Learning, GUI Based Desktop applications, In Enterprise and Business and Data Science.
Few of the big companies, which use Python language in their operations, are Instagram, Spotify, Amazon, and Facebook.
|Paradigm||Multi-paradigm: functional, imperative, object-oriented, reflective|
|Designed by||Guido van Rossum|
|Developer||Python Software Foundation|
|First appeared||1990; 29 years ago|
|Typing discipline||Duck, dynamic, gradual (since 3.5)|
|Filename extensions||.py, .pyc, .pyd, .pyo (prior to 3.5), .pyw, .pyz (since 3.5)|
2. R Programming language
Designed by Robert Gentleman and Ross Ihaka at the University of Auckland, R as a programming language was first conceived in the year 1992. R is a comprehensive and statistical analysis language, which encourages the developer to develop new ideas. R is open-source software, which works best on GNU, Linux and Microsoft Windows. Compared to Python, R is difficult to learn. The application of R programming language is in the field of Data Science, Statistical Computing and Machine Learning. It is also known as the future programming language. Few of the top IT companies, such as Capgemini, Cognizant and Accenture has deployed R into their businesses. R learned professionals can expect a starting salary package of Rs. 7 lacs per annum.
4. Java Programming language
Created by James Gosling in the year 1991, Java is the most demanding programming language, which is visible by its wide usage worldwide. The Java Virtual Machine makes the language Cross-Platform compatible. It is famous for providing the most number of jobs in the field of programming, which is an important reason behind its increasing popularity in the developers’ community. The best feature of Java programming language is that it is an Open Source, Robust, Platform Independent and Secured language. Since the time of its creation, Java has been applied in numerous fields, some of which are Scientific Applications, Banking & Financial Services, Web & Mobile Development, and Desktop Development. The top-notch IT companies that are using Java are IBM, HCL and INFOSYS. For a Java learned programmer, the starting pay scale ranges between Rs. 5-8 lacs per annum.
PHP programming language has an interesting story behind its creation. It was initially developed for the purpose of maintaining a personal homepage, but as per the statistics, currently, it has taken over 23% of websites globally. Its other uses include creating Web pages, which are written in HTML. PHP language is mainly used to create dynamic and static websites. Companies like Facebook, Yahoo, and Mail Chimp are using PHP programming language with full confidence. A programmer who is an expert in PHP language can expect a starting salary package between Rs. 2.5-3.5 per annum.
6. C# Programming language
C# is an object-oriented and easy to learn a programming language, which is fast, secure and full of rich libraries that make it the next best choice after C++. Its first version was released in the year 2001 and uses Syntax that is almost similar to C. It is fully combined with .NET and has high easy integration with Windows Operating Software. C# language can be applied in creating VR Games, Windows 8 & 10 and in Game Development.C# is used in companies like Cyber Infrastructure Inc., Xtreem Solution, and Zealous System. The starting pay scale of the C# programmer is Rs 4.5 lacs per annum.
7. C++ Programming language
C++ is considered as one of the most highly efficient and flexible to use programming language. It has created a never-fading demand in the market because of its high performance and reliability. It also supports OOPS and has rich libraries. The application of C++ can be seen in Game Development, Web & Mobile Solutions, Desktop Applications and Embedded Systems.Adobe Photoshop, Microsoft and Google are the companies that have been using C++ language in their operations with complete satisfaction. A C++ certified professional can earn Rs 4.2 lacs per annum.
8. SCALA Programming language
Developed in early 2000, SCALA was designed to solve the problem that we face in Java. SCALA is known to support Object-Oriented and Functional programming, which can be statically typed, compiled in Java Byte Code and can be executed in Java Virtual Machine.SCALA has a wide implementation in the fields of Web Development, Data Analysis, and Data Streaming. Companies deploying SCALA into their businesses are New York Times and Meetup.com. And a SCALA master can earn between Rs 4-5 lacs p.a. as his starting salary package.
9. SWIFT Programming language
SWIFT is a general-purpose, open-source, compiled programming language developed by Apple. So if you love using iOS apps and want to develop native iOS or Mac apps, then SWIFT is the one for you. It is influenced by Python which makes it fast, secure, easy to read and most importantly easy to learn. SWIFT language is applied for Apple App Development and Software Development.SWIFT programming language has found acceptance in companies like Slack, Apple, and 9GAG. The starting salary package for the SWIFT programmer is Rs 3.6-4 lacs per annum.
10. KOTLIN Programming language
A Google endorsed now currently the most loved programming language KOTLIN was originally developed by JetBrains, which is fully operable with Java and comes with no limitations. The application of KOTLIN is for Android Development, Web Development, Desktop Development, and Server Side Development. Being a newly launched programming language, KOTLIN has found usage in some big companies, like Coursera, Uber, Pinterest and Post Mates. A KOTLIN certified professional can expect a starting salary package ranging between Rs 2-5 lacs per annum.